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Heat waves, floods, ice storms and drought are among the scenarios islanders will face in the coming decades due to climate change, according to a climate change risk report released on Wednesday.
At Lennox Island First Nation, with many homes near the water and the only road access via the causeway, they take the risk seriously.
“We are worried, very worried,” said Chef Darlene Bernard. âClimate change is real. We are a small coastal community. We are concerned becauseâ¦ Hurricane Dorian opened our eyes.â
“We know there will be more storms to come and there will be more erosion.”
The 176-page Climate Risk Assessment says that by 2050, islanders will experience much more severe weather conditions, including coastal erosion, heat waves, heavy rains, flooding, severe ice storms and drought.
The report warns of possible deaths in heat waves – especially among the elderly, infants and those already at risk.
At Martha Place, an affordable housing complex in Charlottetown, the units include heat pumps, and Kings Square Affordable Housing president Bill Campbell said future projects will include even more measures like extra insulation in the roofs. and the walls.
“All of this costs money and we have no options left. We have to start doing this to prepare for the consequences of climate change,” Campbell said.
Kings Square plans to launch 120 new affordable housing units in Summerside at any time, including additional measures to mitigate the shock of climate change.
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“Last summer was like a drought”
The rivers and streams of PEI and the fish that live there will be threatened, both by flooding and drought.
Central Queens Wildlife Federation staff say they’re already seeing changes.
âLast summer was like a drought,â Jordan Condon said.
“Salmon were using strange habitats to spawn simply because the water levels were so low, which could have a long-term effect, using lesser quality habitat.”
The community is losing âfeetâ of shore
Back on Lennox Island, a resident told CBC News he could see the erosion of the shoreline with his own eyes, bit by bit.
They have reinforced their commercial wharf with additional rocks along the shore in recent years.
âOur community has lost its feet. Feet, feet, feet, not inches, âsaid Chief Bernard. She said they had tallied the cost of moving the entire community, if need be, and it could reach over $ 50 million.
For now, they are proposing to install more rocks, and tons, to protect the shore there.